PERSON CENTERED APPROACH
FOCUSING-ORIENTED CONSULTING AND COACHING
PERSON CENTERED APPROACH
FOCUSING-ORIENTED CONSULTING AND COACHING
Private practice for life issues counseling with the approach to blend together humanistic psychology with spirituality, ancient multicultural folkways and shamanism.
My name is Lilianna Heitmann, and I am a licensed professional counselor.
I work with men and women of all ages and from different areas of life. I have supported clients involving a wide range of emotional struggles e.g low self confidence and self esteem, depression, anxiety, bereavement, anger, social isolation, ageing, relationship issues, struggles arising from chronic illness/conditions, work-related stress, separation, divorce and trauma.
My strength is in developing a trusting and empathic relationship with the aim of achieving the desired changes as efficiently as possible using my experience, knowledge and skills to the best of my professional ability.
– EMDR Trauma-Therapy
– orthomolecular medicine
– holistic nutrition counseling
– Ayurveda , Nutrition and treatments
– guided meditations
– spiritual counseling
– telephone consultation services
– focusing oriented body therapy
– breathing therapy
– relationship counseling
– PMR (Progressive Muscle Relaxation according to Jacobson)
– resource optimization
Homeopathy, Phytotherapy, Ayurvedic Medicine, Detoxification & Rejuvenation, Nutritional Consulting, Reflexology , Stress Reduction & Relaxation, Trauma Therapy (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)
– Ayurveda: Products Distribution and Treatments
– Herbcraft: Herbs, Spices & Botanicals
– Orthomolecular medicine
– Holistic Nutrition counseling
PERSON CENTERED COACHING
Person-centered therapy, also known as person-centered psychotherapy, person-centered counseling, client-centered therapy and Rogerian psychotherapy, is a form of psychotherapy developed by psychologist Carl Rogers beginning in the 1940s and extending into the 1980s. Person-centered therapy seeks to facilitate a client’s self-actualizing tendency, “an inbuilt proclivity toward growth and fulfillment”, via acceptance (unconditional positive regard), therapist congruence (genuineness), and empathic understanding.
Person-centered therapy, now considered a founding work in the humanistic school of psychotherapies, began with Carl Rogers, and is recognized as one of the major psychotherapy “schools” (theoretical orientations), along with psychodynamic psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, classical Adlerian psychology, cognitive behavioral therapy, existential therapy, and others.
Rogers affirmed individual personal experience as the basis and standard for living and therapeutic effect. Rogers identified six conditions which are needed to produce personality changes in clients: relationship, vulnerability to anxiety (on the part of the client), genuineness (the therapist is truly himself or herself and incorporates some self-disclosure), the client’s perception of the therapist’s genuineness, the therapist’s unconditional positive regard for the client, and accurate empathy. This emphasis contrasts with the dispassionate position which may be intended in other therapies, particularly the more extreme behavioral therapies. Living in the present rather than the past or future, with organismic trust, naturalistic faith in your own thoughts and the accuracy in your feelings, and a responsible acknowledgment of your freedom, with a view toward participating fully in our world, contributing to other peoples’ lives, are hallmarks of Rogers’ person-centered therapy. Rogers also claims that the therapeutic process is essentially the accomplishments made by the client. The client having already progressed further along in their growth and maturation development, only progresses further with the aid of a psychologically favored environment.
Although client-centered therapy has been criticized by behaviorists for lacking structure and by psychoanalysts for actually providing a conditional relationship, it has been shown to be an effective treatment.
Expanding upon Rogers work theorists have since condensed the Six Necessary and Sufficient Conditions into three Core Conditions. It is believed that the most important factor in successful therapy is the relational climate created by the therapist’s attitude to their client. He specified three interrelated core conditions:
Congruence – the willingness to transparently relate to clients without hiding behind a professional or personal facade.
Unconditional positive regard – the therapist offers an acceptance and prizing for their client for who he or she is without conveying disapproving feelings, actions or characteristics and demonstrating a willingness to attentively listen without interruption, judgement or giving advice.
Empathy – the therapist communicates their desire to understand and appreciate their client’s perspective.
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a form of psychotherapy in which the person being treated is asked to recall distressing images while generating one of several types of bilateral sensory input, such as side-to-side eye movements or hand tapping.
It is included in several guidelines for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
It was developed by Francine Shapiro in the 1990s and has been controversial, with some critics calling it pseudoscience and there have been ongoing concerns over the quality of evidence, contradictory findings, significant rates of researcher bias. and dropout rates in studies.
The person being treated is asked to recall distressing images while generating one of several types of bilateral sensory input, such as side-to-side eye movements or hand tapping. The 2013 World Health Organization practice guideline says that “Like cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with a trauma focus, EMDR aims to reduce subjective distress and strengthen adaptive beliefs related to the traumatic event. Unlike CBT with a trauma focus, EMDR does not involve (a) detailed descriptions of the event, (b) direct challenging of beliefs, (c) extended exposure, or (d) homework”.
The proposed mechanisms that underlie eye movements in EMDR therapy are still under investigation and there is as yet no definitive finding. The consensus regarding the underlying biological mechanisms involve the two that have received the most attention and research support: (1) taxing working memory and (2) orienting response/REM sleep.
According to the 2013 World Health Organization practice guideline: “This therapy [EMDR] is based on the idea that negative thoughts, feelings and behaviours are the result of unprocessed memories. The treatment involves standardized procedures that include focusing simultaneously on (a) spontaneous associations of traumatic images, thoughts, emotions and bodily sensations and (b) bilateral stimulation that is most commonly in the form of repeated eye movements.”
Salkovskis in 2002 reported that the eye movement is irrelevant, and that the effectiveness of EMDR was solely due to its having properties similar to CBT, such as desensitization and exposure.
Focusing is a psychotherapeutic process developed by psychotherapist Eugene Gendlin. It can be used in any kind of therapeutic situation, including peer-to-peer sessions. It involves holding a kind of open, non-judging attention to an internal knowing which is directly experienced but is not yet in words. Focusing can, among other things, be used to become clear on what one feels or wants, to obtain new insights about one’s situation, and to stimulate change or healing of the situation. Focusing is set apart from other methods of inner awareness by three qualities: something called the “felt sense”, a quality of engaged accepting attention, and a researched-based technique that facilitates change.
At the University of Chicago, beginning in 1953, Eugene Gendlin did 15 years of research analyzing what made psychotherapy either successful or unsuccessful. The conclusion was that it is not the therapist’s technique that determines the success of psychotherapy, but rather the way the patient behaves, and what the patient does inside himself during the therapy sessions.
Gendlin found that, without exception, the successful patient intuitively focuses inside himself on a very subtle and vague internal bodily awareness—or “felt sense”—which contains information that, if attended to or focused on, holds the key to the resolution of the problems the patient is experiencing.
“Focusing” is a process and learnable skill developed by Gendlin which re-creates this successful-patient behavior in a form that can be taught to other patients. Gendlin detailed the techniques in his book Focusing which, intended for the layperson, is written in conversational terms and describes the six steps of Focusing and how to do them. Gendlin stated: “I did not invent Focusing. I simply made some steps which help people to find Focusing.”
Gendlin gave the name “felt sense” to the unclear, pre-verbal sense of “something”—the inner knowledge or awareness that has not been consciously thought or verbalized—as that “something” is experienced in the body. It is not the same as an emotion. This bodily felt “something” may be an awareness of a situation or an old hurt, or of something that is “coming”—perhaps an idea or insight. Crucial to the concept, as defined by Gendlin, is that it is unclear and vague, and it is always more than any attempt to express it verbally. Gendlin also described it as “sensing an implicit complexity, a wholistic sense of what one is working on”.
According to Gendlin, the Focusing process makes a felt sense more tangible and easier to work with. To help the felt sense form and to accurately identify its meaning, the focuser tries out words that might express it. These words can be tested against the felt sense: The felt sense will not resonate with a word or phrase that does not adequately describe it.
Gendlin observed clients, writers, and people in ordinary life (“Focusers”) turning their attention to this not-yet-articulated knowing. As a felt sense formed, there would be long pauses together with sounds like “uh….” Once the person had accurately identified this felt sense in words, new words would come, and new insights into the situation. There would be a sense of felt movement—a “felt shift”—and the person would begin to be able to move beyond the “stuck” place, having fresh insights, and also sometimes indications of steps to take.
COUNSELING AND COACHING
STRESS REDUCTION & RELAXATION
“Your hand opens and closes, opens and closes. If it were always a fist or always stretched open, you would be paralysed. Your deepest presence is in every small contracting and expanding, the two as beautifully balanced and coordinated as birds’ wings.” – Rumi
You don’t even need to leave your room,
just sit at your table and wait.
Don’t even wait, just listen.
Be quiet, be still, be solitary.
The world will fully offer itself to you,
to be unmasked, it has no choice.
It will roll in ecstasy at your feet.
BODY WORK & MASSAGE
Some of the best known forms of non-touch bodywork methods include: reiki, yoga, pranayama, as well as other non-touch methods: breathwork respiration techniques, therapeutic touch, the Bates method for sight training, qigong, and t’ai chi.
The better known forms of manipulative bodywork include the Bowen technique, chiropractic, craniosacral therapy, reflexology, Rolfing, postural integration, shiatsu, and the Trager approach. There are also some methods that use light touch (not tissue work) to retrain movement patterns or shift awareness of the body, including the Alexander technique, the Feldenkrais method, the Hakomi method, integrative body psychotherapy, and somatic experiencing.
THAI YOGA MASSAGE
Traditional Thai massage uses no oils or lotions. The recipient remains clothed during a treatment. There is constant body contact between the giver and receiver, but rather than rubbing on muscles, the body is compressed, pulled, stretched and rocked.
The recipient wears loose, comfortable clothing and lies on a mat or firm mattress on the floor. In Thailand, a dozen or so subjects may be receiving massage simultaneously in one large room. The true ancient style of the massage requires that the massage be performed solo with just the giver and receiver. The receiver will be positioned in a variety of yoga-like positions during the course of the massage, that is also combined with deep static and rhythmic pressures.
The massage generally follows designated lines (“sen”) in the body. The legs and feet of the giver can be used to position the body or limbs of the recipient. In other positions, hands fix the body, while the feet do the massaging. A full Thai massage session may last two hours and includes rhythmic pressing and stretching of the entire body. This may include pulling fingers, toes, ears, cracking knuckles, walking on the recipient’s back, and moving the recipient’s body into many different positions. There is a standard procedure and rhythm to the massage, which the giver will adjust to fit the receiver.
CHI NEI TSANG
Also known as Abdominal Massage, Chi Nei Tsang is a form of deep abdominal massage with Taoist Chinese origins. It literally means “working the energy of the internal organs” or “internal organs chi transformation,” and it’s based on the experience that emotions first arise (and often get “stuck”) in our bellies and internal organs. (For example, anger is associated with the liver and worry is linked with the spleen.)
How It Works: As a Chi Nei Tsang practitioner I massage the abdominal area using intention and deep, gentle touches to purge unwanted emotional charges from the body and to remind us of our optimal state.
This treatment works directly on the area where many health problems originate.
I work on the abdomen to gently open and release blockages in vital organs and the body’s systems, allowing them to work more efficiently and also releasing unprocessed emotions.
GEMSTONE OIL MASSAGE
Crystal Massage is a holistic body therapy with crystals, scent and sound. The method originated from the use of massage and crystals in health and wellbeing. It combines the benefits of various massage techniques with the versatile effects of crystals, scents and sound.
Crystal Massage has an activating as well as relaxing effect and increases body awareness. Each of the different sections of the total body massage can be used separately in individual treatments, such as for the back, hands, face or feet.
Crystal Massage can also be combined with classic applications, such as foot care using the foot massage or cosmetic treatment using the facial and upper chest massage.
The massages have an activating as well as relaxing effect and increase body awareness. Each of the different sections of the total body massage can be used separately in individual treatments, such as for the back, hands, face or feet.
Crystal Massage can also be combined with classic applications, such as foot care using the foot massage or cosmetic treatment using the facial and upper chest massage. The energies from the crystals promote a calm and meditative state, allowing you or your client to experience a new and deeper level of calm, tranquility and total relaxation.
PNEUMATIC PULSATION THERAPY
The Pneumatron is a multi-functional machine for deep massage, lymphatic drainage, connective tissue massage and cupping. It works by producing intermittent vacuums which gently pull tissue layers and muscles outwards before they are allowed to once again relax – 200 times a minute.
The constantly changing impulse provides an intensive treatment in comparison with other cupping procedures that generate a constant vacuum. The tissues are moved and vibrated with enough force to provide benefits, but without discomfort or bruising, in a therapy that is perfect for both curative and maintenance treatments.
Blood circulation, metabolism and lymphatic flow are all stimulated and strengthened, encouraging detoxification and speeding up the body’s healing processes.
The Pneumatron can be used to treat joint pain, back pain, arthritis, rheumatism, migraines and much more. It is also used in many medical establishments for natural pain therapy without any side effects, as well as by physios and sports therapists for rehabilitation after injuries and to alleviate muscle tension.
HOT STONE MASSAGE
Stones (usually basalt) are placed into an electric slow-cooker or a purpose-built device which is filled with water. The water is typically heated to 122–127 °F (50.0–52.8 °C).
Once the stones have heated sufficiently, some are placed onto specific points on the body (such as the back, hands, etc.) and others are held by the massage therapist and used to work the muscles.
Certain styles of stone massage also incorporate chilled stones into the routine. These stones are usually marble, and are placed into a bowl of iced water before use.
AROMA OIL MASSAGE
Aromatherapy uses plant materials and aromatic plant oils, including essential oils, and other aroma compounds for improving psychological or physical well-being.
It can be offered as a complementary therapy or as a form of alternative medicine. Complementary therapy can be offered alongside standard treatment, with alternative medicine offered instead of conventional, evidence-based treatments.
Aromatherapists, who specialize in the practice of aromatherapy, utilize blends of therapeutic essential oils that can be issued through topical application, massage, inhalation or water immersion to stimulate a desired response.
The modes of application of aromatherapy include:
Aerial diffusion: for environmental fragrancing or aerial disinfection
Direct inhalation: for respiratory disinfection, decongestant, expectoration as well as psychological effects
Topical applications: for general massage, baths, compresses, therapeutic skin care
Aromatherapy is the treatment or prevention of disease by use of essential oils. Other stated uses include pain and anxiety reduction, enhancement of energy and short-term memory, relaxation, hair loss prevention, and reduction of eczema-induced itching.
Two basic mechanisms are offered to explain the purported effects. One is the influence of aroma on the brain, especially the limbic system through the olfactory system. The other is the direct pharmacological effects of the essential oils.
EAR CANDLE TREATMENT & ACUPRESSURE
One end of a cylinder or cone of waxed cloth is lit, and the other is placed into the subject’s ear. The flame is cut back occasionally with scissors and extinguished between five and ten centimeters (two to four inches) from the subject.
The subject is lying on one side with the treated ear uppermost and the candle vertical. The candle can be stuck through a paper plate or aluminium pie tin to protect against any hot wax or ash falling onto the subject. Another way to perform ear candling involves the subject lying face up with the ear candle extending out to the side with a forty-five-degree upward slant. A dish of water is placed next to the subject under the ear candle.
Proponents claim that the flame creates negative pressure, drawing wax and debris out of the ear canal, which appears as a dark residue.
An ear candling session lasts up to one hour, during which one or two ear candles may be burned for each ear.
FOOT & HAND REFLEXOLOGY
Reflexology, also known as zone therapy, is an alternative medicine involving application of pressure to the feet and hands with specific thumb, finger, and hand techniques without the use of oil or lotion. It is based on a pseudoscientific system of zones and reflex areas that purportedly reflect an image of the body on the feet and hands, with the premise that such work effects a physical change to the body.
There is no consensus among reflexologists on how reflexology is supposed to work; a unifying theme is the idea that areas on the foot correspond to areas of the body, and that by manipulating these one can improve health through one’s qi. Reflexologists divide the body into ten equal vertical zones, five on the right and five on the left.
Reflexologists posit that the blockage of an energy field, invisible life force, or Qi, can prevent healing. Another tenet of reflexology is the belief that practitioners can relieve stress and pain in other parts of the body through the manipulation of the feet. One claimed explanation is that the pressure received in the feet may send signals that ‘balance’ the nervous system or release chemicals such as endorphins that reduce stress and pain. These hypotheses are rejected by the medical community, who cite a lack of scientific evidence and the well-tested germ theory of disease.
Reflexology’s claim to manipulate energy (Qi) is unsupported by science; there is no scientific evidence for the existence of life energy (Qi), ‘energy balance’, ‘crystalline structures,’ or ‘pathways’ in the body.
Sports Massage is a type of massage that is used to work on athletes of all levels of training from the weekend warrior to professional sports teams. People who do sports massage can be professional massage therapists or some athletic trainers may also do sports massage if it is allowed in their state licensing. Sports activities massage was originally designed to assist athletes prepare their bodies for optimum efficiency, recover right after a large occasion, or function properly in the course of education. Sports activities massage emphasizes prevention and healing of injuries to your muscles and tendons. Sports massage is really helpful for the individual who has injuries, chronic pain or restricted selection of movement.
Sports massage is really a sort of Swedish massage that stimulates circulation of blood and lymph fluids. The main purpose of sports massage therapy is to help alleviate the stress and tension which builds up in the body’s soft tissues during physical activity. Where minor injuries and lesions occur, due to overexertion and/or overuse, massage can break them down quickly and effectively. The massage will help prepare the athlete for peak performance, to drain away fatigue, to relieve swelling, to reduce muscle tension, to promote flexibility and to prevent injuries. Sports massage can help prevent those niggling injuries that so often get in the way of performance and achievement, whether a person is an athlete or a once a week jogger.
Sports massage has many benefits, sports massage reduces the heart rate and blood pressure, increases blood circulation and lymph flow, reduces muscle tension, improves flexibility, and relieves pain. Each sport and athletic event uses muscle groups in a different way. Sports Massage can also include pre-event, post-event and maintenance techniques that promote greater athletic endurance and performance, lessen chances of injury and reduce recovery time.
CHAKRA & AURA CLEANSING
Our aura is the energy field that surrounds our physical body. We can’t see it with our physical eyes but the energy field around you can pick up negativity from the surrounding environment just as our physical bodies pick up dirt. When this happens, it lowers your spiritual vibration and dulls your energy. Eventually, if left, this can cause negative thoughts, a general feeling of tiredness and feeling run down, and even physical problems.
There are many methods of aura clearing and it can be a great idea to get into the habit of doing some of them morning and night, especially once you’ve come home after a day out at work or around other people.
- Naturopath for Psychotherapy
- Ayurvedic nutrition therapist
- Bachelor of Science Degree Alternative Medicine
- Visionary Craniosacral Work Milne Institute Inc. (MII)
- Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) – Trauma Therapy
- Progressive muscle relaxation according to Jacobson with seminar leader’s license
- Dying and dementia support
- Mental Healing (Huna, Ho’oponopono, Activation of Self-Healing Through Laying-on, Shamanism)
- Holistic Nutritionist
- Bach flower and aromatherapist
- Creative coaching and biography work
- Meditation Teacher and Respiratory Therapist
- Long-time study trips and training with shaman and healers in Asia, the US, South America and Australia
- Since 1990 self-employed as a wholesale and retail merchant with natural remedies, jewelry design and manufacture, precious stones and precious metals
- Over-the-year studies of plant and natural remedies in Polynesia and Melanesia (including French Polynesia, Cook Islands, Hawaii, Fiji)
- Certified massage therapist and wellness therapist specializing in foot reflexology, hot stone massage, sports massage, aroma oil massage
- Physically certified natural beautician and ismacologist
- Seminar instructor at home and abroad (especially in California, New Mexico, Florida, New York)
- Own consulting practice in Hamburg since 1992
- 2-year training in person-centered counseling GwG Society for Scientific Counseling Psychotherapy e.V. Association for Psychotherapy and Counseling
- 2-year training in person-centered conversation BSZ
- Voluntary work in open counseling at the Hamburg Advisory and Pastoral Care Center of St. Peter’s Church